3D Wideband Non-Stationary Geometry-Based Stochastic Models for Non-Isotropic MIMO Vehicle-to-Vehicle Channels

Yi Yuan*, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Yejun He, Mohammed M. Alwakeel, El Hadi M Aggoune

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)


Actual vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) channel measurements have shown that the wide-sense stationary (WSS) modeling assumption is valid only for very short time intervals. This fact motivates us to develop non-WSS V2V channel models. In this paper, we propose a novel three-dimensional (3D) theoretical non-WSS regular-shaped geometry-based stochastic model (RS-GBSM) and the corresponding sum-of-sinusoids (SoS) simulation model for non-isotropic scattering wideband multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) V2V fading channels. The movements of the transmitter (Tx), scatterers, and receiver (Rx) result in the time-varying angles of departure (AoDs) and angles of arrival (AoAs) that make our models non-stationary. The proposed RS-GBSMs, combining line-of-sight (LoS) components, a two-sphere model, and multiple confocal elliptic-cylinder models, have the ability to study the impacts of vehicular traffic density (VTD) and non-stationarity on channel statistics, and jointly consider the azimuth and elevation angles by using the von Mises Fisher (VMF) distribution. The proposed RS-GBSMs are sufficiently generic and adaptable to model various V2V scenarios. Based on the proposed 3D non-WSS RS-GBSMs, important local channel statistical properties are derived and thoroughly investigated. The impacts of VTD and nonstationarity on these channel statistical properties are investigated by comparing them with those of the corresponding WSS model. The proposed non-WSS RS-GBSMs are validated by measurements in terms of the channel stationary time. Finally, numerical and simulation results demonstrate that the 3D non-WSS model is more practical to characterize real V2V channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6883-6895
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Vehicle-to-vehicle wideband channels
  • non-stationary
  • 3D MIMO channel models
  • non-isotropic
  • local statistical properties
  • 5-GHZ BAND
  • TIME


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