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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr Lee's principal research interest lies in the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics and Engineering Fluid Mechanics. He is currently involved in various research projects focusing on the formation and coating of thin liquid films, rivulets and droplet flows in biological and engineering applications, kinetic scale deposition of oil and brine mixtures commonly encountered in the oil industry, and in the accurate prediction of splat morphologies of thermal and cold spraying processes. His research centres on the development of highly efficient solvers to explore the solid-liquid dynamic interactions that describes the flow phenomena and those of high impact solid deformation behaviours. Recent work has seen the extension of existing state-of-the-art adaptive, both temporally and spatially, numerical solvers to exploit parallel capabilities of high performance parallel computing (HPC) architectures with various international collaborators. The areas of research interest includes:• parallel computing (OpenMP and MPI), automatic adaptive time-stepping automatic local mesh refinement multigrid methods alternating direction implicit methods evolutionary/genetic algorithms smooth particle hydrodynamics


Dr Y.C. Lee had graduated from the School of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Leeds, Leeds in 1999 where he received a MEng (Hons) degree in Mechanical Engineering.   Upon the completion of his PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 2004 at the University of Leeds, he took up a position as a post-doctorate research fellow at the Institute of Engineering Thermofluids, Surfaces & Interfaces (iETSI) in the University of Leeds where he worked in the area of engineering fluid mechanics and computational fluid dynamics which focuses on the investigation of thin liquid films and droplet flow in the coating of micro- and nano-fluidic systems.  Throughout his tenure there, he has been involved in on-going and successful completion of various projects.   These include: (i) curtain coating numerical investigations to predict and characterise the formation and stability of thin liquid films (resins) -- Cytec Industries UK; (ii) the accurate computation of thin film flows and the motion of droplets on real functional surfaces -- funded by EPSRC; (iii) prediction of scale deposition kinetics - a step change in inorganic scale management -- TSB with BP, Expro Ltd and The University of Leeds. In 2010, Dr Lee was offered a lectureship position at the Department of Mechanical Engineering in the School of Engineering and Physical Sciences at Heriot-Watt University.  


  • TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
  • Energy & Renewables
  • Engineering & Product Design
  • Environment & Sustainability
  • Oil & Gas
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Coating
  • Droplets
  • Micro-fluidics
  • Sprays
  • Q Science (General)
  • Human Health
  • Food & Drink
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Numerical Methods
  • Parallel Computing
  • TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
  • Information & Communication Technology
  • Thin Films

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Research Output

Propeller and vortex ring state for floating offshore wind turbines during surge

Kyle, R., Lee, Y. C. & Früh, W-G., Aug 2020, In : Renewable Energy. 155, p. 645-657 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics - A New Approach for Modeling Flow in Oscillatory Baffled Reactors

    Jimeno Millor, G., Lee, Y. C. & Ni, X-W., 8 May 2019, In : Computers and Chemical Engineering. 124, p. 14-27 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    9 Downloads (Pure)

    Modeling surface tension of a two-dimensional droplet using smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    Ehigiamusoe, N. N., Maxutov, S. & Lee, Y. C., 27 Aug 2018, In : International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    82 Downloads (Pure)
    Open Access
  • 5 Citations (Scopus)
    49 Downloads (Pure)

    Thermomagnetic convection under alternating magnetic fields

    Szabo, P., Lee, Y. C. & Fruh, W-G., 15 Mar 2018, In : Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 17, 1, p. 633–634 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 19 Downloads (Pure)