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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. Lim's research concentrates on Digital Tools (methods, techniques and strategies) - an umbrealla that covers X-Reality and haptics, Cyberphysical systems, Gamification and Serious Games, Knowlegde capture, Data managment and visualisation. He is involved in virtual environment and systems to conduct DFMA (design for assembly and manufacturing) analysis and DFAM (design for additive manufacturing). He has been involved with the fabrication of structures for securing optical components through layer based rapid prototyping technologies. Dr. Lim actively researches novel algorithms used in computational geometry, specifically in the area of solid and mesh modelling. His interest is in applying computer graphics, computational geometry and engineering principles to medical applications relating to maxillofacial and cranial reconstruction. Another area of research is in bio-inspired design, manufacturing and cybernetics on the development of 'living' autonomous machinery (e.g. mirco and macro scale robots). Research interests include, but not limited, to the following topics: Rapid Field Deployable Prototyping (RFDP)Technologies, Operational research, Discreet event modelling and simulation in PLM/CAE, Automatic Feature Recognition (AFR), Wet-ware IIOT and wearable robotics.


Dr. T. Lim graduated in Mechanical Engineering with Computer-Aided Engineering from Heriot-Watt University in 1997 and obtained his PhD in 2000. He undertook a Research Associate position in 2000, working in the area of optical computing with the Department of Physics before pursuing a post-doctorate in the field of advanced Design and Manufacturing in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. In September 2007, he became a lecturer in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He has published several papers on Feature Recognition, Optimising Tool Selection, Haptics, and optical computing. Dr. Lim is also co-author of the book '3D Modeling with ACIS'. Dr. Lim has also worked as a propulsion and airframe engineer in the Air Force for six years before joining BMW as a technical engineer for a further two years prior to joining the academia. Major achievements Over 20 international journal and conference publications. Developed unique feature recognition algorithms that have been commercialised. Developed virtual-tactile environment for evaluating manufacturing processes. Generated multi-disciplinary projects and involved in FP5 and FP7 calls. Co-authored book titled '3D Modeling with ACIS'.


  • TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
  • Art & Creative Design
  • Engineering & Product Design
  • Information & Communication Technology

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Research Output

An experimental methodology to analyse the structural behaviour of FDM parts with variable process parameters

Cerda-Avila, S., Medellin-Castillo, H. I. & Lim, T., 13 Jul 2020, In : Rapid Prototyping Journal. 26, 9, p. 1615-1625 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
  • 3 Downloads (Pure)

    An industrial case study on discrete event modelling of value stream mapping for Industry 4.0

    Lim, T., Linnenbrink, M., Ritchie, J., Sivanathan, A., Harper, S., Teichert, C. & Waller, A., 2020, In : International Journal of Mechatronics and Manufacturing Systems. 13, 1, p. 90-110 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Haptic‑enabled virtual training in orthognathic surgery

    Medellin-Castillo, H. I., Zaragoza-Siqueiros, J., Govea-Valladares, E. H., de la Garza-Camargo, H., Lim, T. & Ritchie, J. M., 2 Apr 2020, In : Virtual Reality. 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Interactive Digital Twins Framework for Asset Management Through Internet

    Flynn, D., Lim, T., Kong, C. W. L., Harper, S., Blanche, J. & Mitchell, D., 15 Dec 2020, (Accepted/In press) IEEE Global Conference on Artifical Intelligence and Internet of Things. IEEE

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • Self-Certification and Safety Compliance for Robotics Platforms

    Zaki, O., Flynn, D., Blanche, J., Roe, J., Kong, C. W. L., Mitchell, D., Lim, T., Harper, S. & Robu, V., 4 May 2020, Offshore Technology Conference 2020. 18 p. OTC-30840-MS

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • Activities

    • 2 Invited talk
    • 1 Participation in workshop, seminar, course

    An Overview of Health Serious Games and Gamification

    Theodore Lim (Speaker)

    16 May 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Challenges for VR in industrial design, engineering and manufacturing

    Theodore Lim (Speaker)

    8 Aug 2017

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference

    Theodore Lim (Invited speaker)

    8 Aug 2017

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in workshop, seminar, course


    3D Printer

    Theodore Lim (Manager)

    School of Engineering

    Facility/equipment: Equipment