Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. Lim's research concentrates on Digital Tools (methods, techniques and strategies) - an umbrealla that covers X-Reality and haptics, Cyberphysical systems, Gamification and Serious Games, Knowlegde capture, Data managment and visualisation. He is involved in virtual environment and systems to conduct DFMA (design for assembly and manufacturing) analysis and DFAM (design for additive manufacturing). He has been involved with the fabrication of structures for securing optical components through layer based rapid prototyping technologies. Dr. Lim actively researches novel algorithms used in computational geometry, specifically in the area of solid and mesh modelling. His interest is in applying computer graphics, computational geometry and engineering principles to medical applications relating to maxillofacial and cranial reconstruction. Another area of research is in bio-inspired design, manufacturing and cybernetics on the development of 'living' autonomous machinery (e.g. mirco and macro scale robots). Research interests include, but not limited, to the following topics: Rapid Field Deployable Prototyping (RFDP)Technologies, Operational research, Discreet event modelling and simulation in PLM/CAE, Automatic Feature Recognition (AFR), Wet-ware IIOT and wearable robotics.


Dr. T. Lim graduated in Mechanical Engineering with Computer-Aided Engineering from Heriot-Watt University in 1997 and obtained his PhD in 2000. He undertook a Research Associate position in 2000, working in the area of optical computing with the Department of Physics before pursuing a post-doctorate in the field of advanced Design and Manufacturing in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. In September 2007, he became a lecturer in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He has published several papers on Feature Recognition, Optimising Tool Selection, Haptics, and optical computing. Dr. Lim is also co-author of the book '3D Modeling with ACIS'. Dr. Lim has also worked as a propulsion and airframe engineer in the Air Force for six years before joining BMW as a technical engineer for a further two years prior to joining the academia. Major achievements Over 20 international journal and conference publications. Developed unique feature recognition algorithms that have been commercialised. Developed virtual-tactile environment for evaluating manufacturing processes. Generated multi-disciplinary projects and involved in FP5 and FP7 calls. Co-authored book titled '3D Modeling with ACIS'.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 2 - Zero Hunger
  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy


  • TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
  • Art & Creative Design
  • Engineering & Product Design
  • Information & Communication Technology


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Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

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  • Best paper award

    Lim, Theodore (Recipient), Sivanathan, Aparajithan (Recipient), Sung, Raymond (Recipient), Liu, Ying (Recipient) & Kosmadoudi, Zoe (Recipient), 4 Aug 2013

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

  • Emerald Awards for Excellence

    Lim, Theodore (Recipient), González-Badillo, Germanico (Recipient), Medellin-Castillo, Hugo I. (Recipient), Ritchie, James Millar (Recipient), Garbaya, Samir (Recipient) & Sung, Raymond (Recipient), 10 Jun 2015

    Prize: National/international honour

  • Lanner Industrial Award

    Lim, Theodore (Recipient), Ritchie, James Millar (Recipient), Sivanathan, Aparajithan (Recipient) & Linnenbrink, Mathis (Recipient), 20 Jun 2018

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

  • Research Team of the Year

    McConnell, Alistair (Recipient), Lane, David Michael (Recipient), Wang, Sen (Recipient), Hastie, Helen (Recipient), Erden, Mustafa Suphi (Recipient), Chantler, Michael John (Recipient), Dragone, Mauro (Recipient), Petrick, Ron (Recipient), Lim, Theodore (Recipient), Roe, Joshua (Recipient), Katagiri, Sean (Recipient), Rayssiguie, Esther (Recipient), Wilson, Lindsay (Recipient), Wavell, David (Recipient), Judzentyte, Karolina (Recipient), Scharff Willners, Jonatan (Recipient), Robb, David (Recipient) & Petillot, Yvan (Recipient), 14 Jun 2022

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

  • The Gamification Awards

    Lim, Theodore (Recipient), 22 Jan 2020

    Prize: National/international honour