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Personal profile

Research interests

My interests cover a few areas all surrounding conservation of cultural heritage. I have interests in historic building materials, their decay and conservation; understanding mechanisms and pathways of deterioration and assessing novel methods of averting lasting damage. I have an interest in biopolymers, understanding their molecular structure and how this provides mechanical strength and durability, and their decay pathways through the actions of time and external factors.


Craig Kennedy received a degree in biochemistry from the University of  Stirling and a PhD in structural biophysics from Cardiff University,  examining the deterioration of collagen within historic parchments. This work married high-end scientific analysis (synchrotron radiation,  neutron scattering, etc.) with the practical needs of conservators  working on ancient documents. Further work at Cardiff included  examination of the structure of cellulose microfibrils from wood and higher plants such as celery, sugar beet, tunicin and flax, as well as analysis of historical materials such as silk, paper, leather and glass. The  effects of cleaning and repairs on historical materials was a major feature of this work.

Dr Kennedy joined Historic Scotland in 2006 and became Head of Science in early 2007 and Senior Conservation Scientist in 2011. As well as managing the science unit, Craig has supervised research internships, and co-supervised a number of studentships with Universities in to areas relating to historic building deterioration. The research carried out during this time included on-site analysis of Historic Scotland's Properties in Care as well as supporting and carrying out fundamental research in to building material decay and conservation.

Dr Kennedy was a member of the UK National Heritage Science Strategy steering committee (2008-2010) and member of the National Heritage Science Forum transition board (2012-13), an Observer to the Icon Scotland Group (2007-2013), a member of the British Standards committee B/560 Conservation of Tangible Cultural Heritage (2007-2013), and an Observer to the Scottish Government CAMERAS board (2010-2012).

In August 2013 Craig joined Heriot Watt University's School of the Built Environment as a Senior Lecturer. Current research includes analysis of historic glass and timber, with continuing interest in the utilisation of science as part of the conservation process.

Research Group Contact Details

Craig's current research group consists of:

Helen Spencer, PhD student studying medieval Scottish window glass [hms1@hw.ac.uk]

Caitlyn Phipps, PhD student studying historic window glass in situ [cep1@hw.ac.uk]

Ilnaz Ashayeri, PhD student studying historic timber [ia24@hw.ac.uk]

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

Collagen Chemical Compounds
cellulose Agriculture & Biology
glass Earth & Environmental Sciences
Chitosan Chemical Compounds
Glass Chemical Compounds
lime Earth & Environmental Sciences
collenchyma Agriculture & Biology
hydrogen bonding Agriculture & Biology

Co Author Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2002 2018

18th- and 19th-Century Scottish Laboratory Glass: Assessment of Chemical Composition in Relation to Form and Function

Kennedy, C. J., Addyman, T., Murdoch, K. R. & Young, M. E., 27 Sep 2018, In : Journal of Glass Studies. 60, p. 253-267 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemical analysis
waste glass
X-ray fluorescence

Compositional analysis by p-XRF and SEM-EDX of medieval window glass from Elgin Cathedral, Northern Scotland

Spencer, H. M., Murdoch, K. R., Buckman, J., Forster, A. M. & Kennedy, C. J., Oct 2018, In : Archaeometry. 60, 5, p. 1018-1035 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis

Earth Buildings

Kennedy, C. J., 1 May 2018, RICS Building Conservation Journal, p. 31-31 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Open Access

Development of the Skills and Materials Used in the Scottish Glass Industry from 1750

Kennedy, C. J., 20 Nov 2017, In : Scottish Business and Industrial History. 31, 2, p. 18-43 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Activities 2012 2018

  • 7 Publication peer-review
  • 5 Participation in conference
  • 1 Invited talk
  • 1 Oral presentation

Heritage Science (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Editorial board member)
18 May 2018

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication peer-review

Athens Journal of Tourism (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Editorial board member)
29 Jun 2018

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication peer-review

Studies in Conservation (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Peer reviewer)
7 Feb 2017

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication peer-review


MacLaren, A. J. W. (Invited speaker), Jenkins, D. P. (Member of programme committee), Gillian Frances Menzies (Member of programme committee), Gul, M. S. (Member of programme committee), Topriska, E. V. (Member of programme committee), Kennedy, C. J. (Member of programme committee)
27 Mar 2017

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

Characterisation of Scottish laboratory glass from the 18th and 19th centuries

Kennedy, C. J. (Speaker)
6 Sep 2017

Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentation

Press / Media

Glass Act in the Dating Game

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research

Conservation and traditional materials

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research

Climate change predictions

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research