Personal profile

Research interests

My interests cover a few areas all surrounding conservation of cultural heritage. I have interests in historic building materials, their decay and conservation; understanding mechanisms and pathways of deterioration and assessing novel methods of averting lasting damage. I have an interest in biopolymers, understanding their molecular structure and how this provides mechanical strength and durability, and their decay pathways through the actions of time and external factors.


Craig Kennedy received a degree in biochemistry from the University of  Stirling and a PhD in structural biophysics from Cardiff University,  examining the deterioration of collagen within historic parchments. This work married high-end scientific analysis (synchrotron radiation,  neutron scattering, etc.) with the practical needs of conservators  working on ancient documents. Further work at Cardiff included  examination of the structure of cellulose microfibrils from wood and higher plants such as celery, sugar beet, tunicin and flax, as well as analysis of historical materials such as silk, paper, leather and glass. The  effects of cleaning and repairs on historical materials was a major feature of this work.

Dr Kennedy joined Historic Scotland in 2006 and became Head of Science in early 2007 and Senior Conservation Scientist in 2011. As well as managing the science unit, Craig has supervised research internships, and co-supervised a number of studentships with Universities in to areas relating to historic building deterioration. The research carried out during this time included on-site analysis of Historic Scotland's Properties in Care as well as supporting and carrying out fundamental research in to building material decay and conservation.

Dr Kennedy was a member of the UK National Heritage Science Strategy steering committee (2008-2010) and member of the National Heritage Science Forum transition board (2012-13), an Observer to the Icon Scotland Group (2007-2013), a member of the British Standards committee B/560 Conservation of Tangible Cultural Heritage (2007-2013), and an Observer to the Scottish Government CAMERAS board (2010-2012).

In August 2013 Craig joined Heriot Watt University's School of the Built Environment as a Senior Lecturer. Current research includes analysis of historic glass and timber, with continuing interest in the utilisation of science as part of the conservation process.

Research Group Contact Details

Craig's current research group consists of:

Helen Spencer, PhD student studying medieval Scottish window glass []

Caitlyn Phipps, PhD student studying historic window glass in situ []

Ilnaz Ashayeri, PhD student studying historic timber []

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

Collagen Chemical Compounds
cellulose Agriculture & Biology
glass Earth & Environmental Sciences
Chitosan Chemical Compounds
lime Earth & Environmental Sciences
collenchyma Agriculture & Biology
hydrogen bonding Agriculture & Biology
cell walls Agriculture & Biology

Co Author Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2002 2018

waste glass
X-ray fluorescence

Compositional analysis by p-XRF and SEM-EDX of medieval window glass from Elgin Cathedral, Northern Scotland

Spencer, H. M., Murdoch, K. R., Buckman, J., Forster, A. M. & Kennedy, C. J. 14 Mar 2018 In : Archaeometry.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis

18th- and 19th-Century Scottish Laboratory Glass: Assessment of Chemical Composition in Relation to Form and Function

Kennedy, C. J., Addyman, T., Murdoch, K. R. & Young, M. E. 13 Sep 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Glass Studies.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Medieval window glass in Scotland

Spencer, H. M. & Kennedy, C. J. 2017 Annales du 20e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre. AIHV, p. 672-679 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open Access

Activities 2012 2018

  • 6 Publication peer-review
  • 5 Participation in conference
  • 1 Invited talk
  • 1 Oral presentation

Heritage Science (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Editorial board member)
18 May 2018

Activity: Publication peer-review


MacLaren, A. J. W. (Invited speaker), Jenkins, D. P. (Member of programme committee), Menzies, G. F. (Member of programme committee), Gul, M. S. (Member of programme committee), Topriska, E. V. (Member of programme committee), Kennedy, C. J. (Member of programme committee)
27 Mar 2017

Activity: Participation in conference

Studies in Conservation (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Peer reviewer)
7 Feb 2017

Activity: Publication peer-review

Cellulose (Journal)

Kennedy, C. J. (Peer reviewer)
8 Feb 2016

Activity: Publication peer-review

Press / Media

Glass Act in the Dating Game

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research

Conservation and traditional materials

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research

Climate change predictions

Craig J. Kennedy


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Research