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Personal profile

Research interests

My research is on theoretical and computational fluid dynamics of multi-fluids flows and microfluidics with applications in energy and environment engineering, 1).Greenhouse Gas Control Technology, especially in carbon dioxide ocean and under seabed storage. 2). Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) of two-phase/fluid plume dynamics with mass transfer in stratification, 3). Biofuel combustion and Fuel cell, and 4). Microfluidics.

The research projects funded recently, as PI, include,

  1. NERC: ‘Potential Ecosystem Impacts of Geological Carbon Storage (QICS)’. PI of HWU, £140K/(£1.2M) (NE/H013970, 2010 ~ 2013)
  2. FP7 Cooperation Work Programme, Energy on Topic ENERGY.2010.5.2-3: CCS – Sub-seabed CO2 Storage: ‘Impact on Marine Ecosystems (ECO2)’, PI of HWU, €295K/(€2.5M) (265847-FP7-OCEAN-2010, 2011 - 2015)
  3. NERC: ‘Study on Natural Gas Hydrate Growth Habit in Hydrate-bearing Sediments’, PI, £20k (2013 - 2014)
  4. Research Council of Canada, ‘Physical-chemical response to geomechanical processes during geologic sequestration of SCCO2’ PI, £20k (2014 – 2015)
  5. Research Council of Norway: ‘Safety and Environmental Consequences of Unintended Releases from Offshore CO2 Pipelines (SECURE)’, PI of HWU, 2010~2014, £40K  
  6. METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan): ‘Modeling of CO2 undersea bed storage’ Coordinated by JANUS, Japan, PI of HWU.  2009~2013; JPY 3.0 millions (~ £28.8K).


Prior to joining Heriot-Watt University, I worked as a Senior Research Scientist of National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) and Research Institute of Innovative Technologies for the Earth (RITE) in Japan since 1997 and as a Lecturer/Associate Professor/Professor in Dalian University of Technology in China since received my PhD in Mechanical Engineering.

I have served as Committee Member of Combustion Physics Group, IOP (2008– 2011), one of Lead Authors of IPCC Special Report on CCS (Chapter 6, 2003-2006), and member of the Editorial board of the J. of Marine Science and Technology. I awarded the President’s Prize of AIST, Japan in 2008.

I collaborate with colleagues of UK and International universities for QICS and ECO2 projects, and as visiting Professor at the Universities of Tokyo (2008) and Bergen (2009), the Guest Professor of Dalian University of Technology (2008~) and the University of Science and Technology of China (2006 ~ 2009). I am the ‘Sea-Sky’ fellow of DUT (2012–2015).

My research group “Environmental and Energy Fluid Dynamics” comprises currently 5 PhDs, a RA and annually 2-4 MSc students.

Academic Qualifications PhD in Mechanical Engineering (1989), Dalian University of Technology, China MSc in Engineering Thermophysics (1983), Dalian University of Technology, China.

Roles & Responsibilities

I teach modules at both graduate and undergraduate levels within the Mechanical Engineering discipline, including Heat transfer (MSc), combustion and thermodynamics (BEng/MEng). 


  • TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
  • Energy & Renewables
  • Environment & Sustainability
  • Low Carbon Technology
  • Oil & Gas

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Research Output

Nonlinear hydrodynamic effects induced by Rayleigh surface acoustic wave in sessile droplets

Alghane, M., Chen, B., Fu, Y. Q., Li, Y., Desmulliez, M. P. Y., Mohammed, M-I. & Walton, A. J., 9 Nov 2012, In : Physical Review E. 86, 5, 6 p., 056304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
  • 13 Citations (Scopus)
    106 Downloads (Pure)

    Numerical simulation on multi-scale diffusion of CO2 injected in the deep ocean in a practical scenario

    Jeong, S. M., Sato, T., Chen, B. & Tabeta, S., Jan 2010, In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 4, 1, p. 64-72 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 5 Citations (Scopus)

    Frequency effect on streaming phenomenon induced by Rayleigh surface acoustic wave in microdroplets

    Alghane, M., Fu, Y. Q., Chen, B., Li, Y., Desmulliez, M. P. Y. & Walton, A., 2012, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 112, 8, 12 p., 084902.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 30 Citations (Scopus)
    152 Downloads (Pure)

    Functionalized metal oxide nanoparticles for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs): A review

    Kumar, D. K., Kříž, J., Bennett, N., Chen, B., Upadhayaya, H., Reddy, K. R. & Sadhu, V., 25 Mar 2020, In : Materials Science for Energy Technologies.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 10 Downloads (Pure)

    Impact and detectability of hypothetical CCS offshore seep scenarios as an aid to storage assurance and risk assessment

    Blackford, J., Alendal, G., Avlesen, H., Brereton, A., Cazenave, P. W., Chen, B., Dewar, M., Holt, J. & Phelps, J., Apr 2020, In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 95, 102949.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 4 Citations (Scopus)
    13 Downloads (Pure)


    ‘Sea-Sky’ fellow

    Chen, Baixin (Recipient), May 2012

    Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively


    • 4 Membership of external research organisation
    • 2 Other
    • 2 Invited talk
    • 1 Editorial activity

    External Examiner

    Baixin Chen (Examiner)

    2012 → …

    Activity: Other

    Dispersion of leaked CO2 in North Sea

    Baixin Chen (Speaker)

    May 2011

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Distinguished Visiting Fellowship

    Baixin Chen (Host)

    Apr 2010May 2010

    Activity: Other